Cognitive behavioural therapy is an officially recommended treatment, but is available to less than 10% of patients in the UK with schizophrenia.
A study published in the Lancet indicates CBT could help the many who refuse antipsychotic medication. Experts say larger trials are needed.
About four-in-10 patients benefit from taking antipsychotic medication.
But the drugs do not work for the majority and they cause side-effects such as type 2 diabetes and weight gain.
Up to half of patients with schizophrenia end up not taking the drugs.
The study looked at cognitive behaviour therapy in 74 people.
The therapy works by identifying an individual patient’s problem - such as hearing voices, paranoid thinking or no longer going out of the house - and developing techniques to deal with them.
Continue reading the main story
This study suggests that there may be a better option and that offering CBT is better than just leaving such patients to languish”
Prof Robin Murray
Prof Tony Morrison, director of the psychosis research unit at Greater Manchester West Mental Health Foundation Trust, said: “We found cognitive behavioural therapy did reduce symptoms and it also improved personal and social function and we demonstrated very comprehensively it is a safe and effective therapy.”
It worked in 46% of patients, approximately the same as for antipsychotics - although a head-to-head study directly comparing the two therapies has not been made.
This research from last month says differently. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-25574773