H Ikonen, S Palaniswamy, T Nordström, MR Järvelin, KH Herzig, E Jääskeläinen, J Seppälä, J Miettunen and S Sebert,
Psychiatry research, Mar 2019 12
There is limited knowledge available on the association of vitamin D with psychiatric disorders in young adults. We aimed to investigate vitamin D levels and associating factors in schizophrenia, other psychoses and non-psychotic depression. We studied 4,987 participants from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (31 years) with available serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] measurements. The final sample was divided into four groups: schizophrenia (n = 40), other psychoses (n = 24), non-psychotic depression (n = 264) and control (n = 4659). To account for the influence of environmental and technical covariates, we generated a vitamin D score variable with correction for season, sex, batch effect and latitude. We further examined how vitamin D levels correlate with anthropometric, lifestyle, socioeconomic and psychiatric measures. Neither serum 25(OH)D concentration nor vitamin D score differed between schizophrenia, other psychoses, non-psychotic depression and control group. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 3.2%, insufficiency 25.5%, and sufficiency 71.3%. Low vitamin D score correlated with regular smoking in the group with schizophrenia. No difference was observed in other psychiatric conditions. We did not find any difference in vitamin D status between schizophrenia, psychoses, non-psychotic depression and control groups, but future studies are warranted to elucidate the role of vitamin D in psychiatric conditions.