Using virtual reality to assess gesture performance deficits in schizophrenia

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GPT

  1. Reduced Use of Gestures: Schizophrenia patients often use gestures less frequently than neurotypical individuals. This reduction in gesture use can lead to difficulties in social communication, as gestures play a crucial role in conveying non-verbal information and emotion.
  2. Misuse of Gestures: Individuals with schizophrenia may use gestures inappropriately or out of context, potentially leading to confusion or miscommunication in social interactions.
  3. Impaired Interpretation of Gestures: Patients with schizophrenia often struggle to correctly interpret the gestures of others. This can further compound difficulties with social interaction, as misunderstanding non-verbal cues can lead to misinterpretation of others’ intentions or emotions.
  4. Impaired Imitation of Gestures: Studies have shown that individuals with schizophrenia often have difficulty accurately imitating both meaningless and meaningful gestures, which may reflect deficits in motor learning or executive functioning.
  5. Impaired Execution of Gestures: Even when individuals with schizophrenia do use gestures, they may execute them inaccurately or awkwardly. Gestures may be slower or smaller than typical, or include extra or omitted movements.