J Usall, E Huerta-Ramos, J Labad, J Cobo, C Núñez, M Creus, GG Parés, D Cuadras, J Franco, E Miquel, JC Reyes, M Roca, C Rodríguez, I Beneitez, J Costa, L Castro, S Teba, L Milian, A Foix, S Rivero, M Cavero, M Argemí, F Teba, B Arranz, E Rubio, M Coromina, Á Santos, J Bogas, A Barber, C Romans, M Márquez, A Sabata, L Nieto, E Willikens, E Blanch, S Acebillo, R Coronas, L Ortega, I Coll, J Valero, J Rodríguez, M Pérez, I Niubó, M Tost, MP Monfort, L Martorell, E Vilella, J Usall, E Huerta-Ramos, J Labad, J Cobo, C Núñez, M Creus, G Garcia Pares, D Cuadras, J Franco, E Miquel, J Cesar Reyes and M Roca,
Schizophrenia bulletin, Mar 2016
The potential therapeutic utility of estrogens in schizophrenia is increasingly being recognized. Raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, appears to act similarly to estrogens on dopamine and serotonin brain systems. One previous trial by our team found that raloxifene was useful to improve negative, positive, and general psychopathological symptoms, without having the negative side effects of estrogens. In this study, we assess the utility of raloxifene in treating negative and other psychotic symptoms in postmenopausal women with schizophrenia exhibiting prominent negative symptoms. This was a 24-week, randomized, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients were recruited from the inpatient and outpatient departments of Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Hospital Universitari Institut Pere Mata, and Corporació Sanitària Parc Taulí. Seventy postmenopausal women with schizophrenia (DSM-IV) were randomized to either adjunctive raloxifene (38 women) or adjunctive placebo (32 women). Psychopathological symptoms were assessed at baseline and at weeks 4, 12, and 24 with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS). The addition of raloxifene (60 mg/d) to regular antipsychotic treatment significantly reduced negative (P = .027), general (P = .003), and total symptomatology (P = .005) measured with the PANSS during the 24-week trial, as compared to women receiving placebo. Also Alogia SANSS subscale improved more in the raloxifene (P = .048) than the placebo group. In conclusion, raloxifene improved negative and general psychopathological symptoms, compared with antipsychotic medication alone, in postmenopausal women with schizophrenia. These data replicate our previous results with a larger sample and a longer follow-up.NCT01573637.