According to the findings, while rivastigmine could not induce significant improvement of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, it caused significant enhancement of cognitive function in this group of patients.
S Shoja Shafti and A Azizi Khoei,
Therapeutic advances in psychopharmacology, Oct 2016
Several lines of evidence suggest that the cholinergic system may be disrupted in schizophrenia and so this may contribute to the cognitive impairments of schizophrenic patients. Because such deficits do not respond to neuroleptic treatment, different approaches have been done by acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs). The objective of the present assessment was to evaluate the safety and clinical effects of rivastigmine, as an adjunctive drug, on the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia.A total of 46 patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia entered into a 12-week, double-blind, clinical trial for random assignment to rivastigmine or placebo, as adjuvant to their current antipsychotic medication. Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) had been used as the primary outcome measures. Clinical Global Impressions- Improvement (CGI-I) Scale and Extrapyramidal Symptom Rating Scale (ESRS) had been used as the secondary measures. Treatment efficacy was evaluated by a Student'sttest and repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). Statistical significance was defined as a two-sidedpvalue ⩽ 0.05. Cohen's standard (d) and correlation measures of effect size (r) had been calculated for comparing baseline to endpoint changes.According to the findings, except for significant enhancement of MMSE by rivastigmine (p< 0.001), no significant improvement in PANSS (negative symptoms), PANSS (positive symptoms), and PANSS (general psychopathology) was evident in the target group. Also, except for significant improvement of CGI-I by rivastigmine in intragroup analysis, no significant effectiveness was evident in between-group analysis or repeated-measures ANOVA. ESRS, also, did not show any significant alteration in either group. Effect size (ES) analysis showed a large improvement in MMSE by rivastigmine.According to the findings, while rivastigmine could not induce significant improvement of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, it caused significant enhancement of cognitive function in this group of patients.
Are these drug on Use already…!!!
@far_cry0, the drug is currently used for dementia caused by Alzheimer’s and Parkinson diseases.