Auditory System Target Engagement During Plasticity-Based Interventions in Schizophrenia: A Focus on Modulation of N-Methyl-D-Aspartate-Type Glutamate Receptor Function

“While all three interventions (D-serine, memantine, and transcranial direct current stimulation) appear to modulate auditory plasticity, direct agonists (D-serine) appear to have the largest and most consistent effects on plasticity, at least acutely. We hypothesize that there may be synergistic effects of combining procognitive NMDAR-modulating approaches with auditory cortical neuroplasticity cognitive training interventions. Future studies should assess biomarkers for target engagement and patient stratification, along with head-to-head studies comparing putative interventions and potential long-term versus acute effects.”

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