C Dondé, M Senn, J Eche, L Kallel, M Saoud and J Brunelin,
Asian journal of psychiatry, Sep 27 2019
Most individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) have little to no insight regarding the presence of their illness. Psychoeducational programs are state-of-the-art interventions that consist in delivering stabilized patients with accurate knowledge about their illness and its treatment. Evidence suggests a significant relationship between levels of illness-related knowledge and insight in SZ patients. However, the effect of psychoeducation on these related outcomes needs to be explored further.In this open label study involving 30 French-speaking patients with SZ, we propose to compare levels of knowledge and insight before and after the French P.A.C.T.® psychoeducation program to investigate how this approach affects both outcomes. Knowledge levels were measured with the self-questionnaire "What do I know?". Insight levels were measured using the Scale to Assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD). Symptoms were assessed with the Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS).A large significant improvement of knowledge was observed (p < 0.001; d = 0.77). By contrast, the analysis reported no significant effect of psychoeducation on insight (p = 0.86; d = 0.07). PANSS total scores were significantly decreased after treatment (p = 0.001; d = 0.66).Although the P.A.C.T.® program is a promising tool for improving illness-related knowledge in SZ patients, its use is not sufficient to significantly improve insight levels.