P Petrikis, S Tigas, AT Tzallas, A Karampas, I Papadopoulos and P Skapinakis,
International journal of psychiatry in clinical practice, Dec 2019 11
Aim: Sex differences have long been reported in schizophrenia leading to the hypothesis that sex hormones may be implicated in the pathophysiology of the disorder. We assessed gonadal hormones during the fasted state in drug-naïve patients with psychosis.Method: Fasting serum concentrations of follicular-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone, free-testosterone, Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) and oestradiol (E2) were compared between a group of 55 newly diagnosed, drug-naïve, first-episode men with psychosis and a group of 55 healthy controls, matched for age, smoking status and BMI. Testosterone, free-testosterone and SHBG were compared between a group of 32 drug-naïve, first-episode females with psychosis and a group of 32 healthy controls matched for age, smoking status and BMI.Results: Testosterone and free-testosterone levels were significantly lower in the patients' group and SHBG levels significantly higher in the patients' group compared to those in healthy controls. The two female groups had similar values in the hormones which were measured.Conclusion: Our findings provide evidence of lower testosterone and free-testosterone levels and increased SHBG levels in drug-naïve, first-episode males with psychosis.KEY POINTSReduced testosterone and free-testosterone levels in drug-naive, first-episode males with psychosis.Increased SHBG levels in drug-naive first-episode males with psychosis.No difference in FSH, LH and E2 levels between drug-naive first episode males with psychosis and controls.No difference in testosterone, free-testosterone and SHBG levels between drug-naive, first-episode women with psychosis and controls.