taken from epic mychart
Conditions that may resemble schizophrenia include:
Other Psychiatric Disorders. Bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, and depression can have psychotic elements that resemble schizophrenia. The same is true for autism spectrum disorder (masturbation fantasy land, Pee Wee Herman’s Playhouse) and some communication disorders. Obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder have delusional elements similar to schizophrenia. People with post-traumatic stress disorder can experience flashbacks similar to hallucinations and have hypervigilance that
verges on paranoia.
Alcohol and Drug Abuse. Both substance abuse and withdrawal from drugs or alcohol can trigger psychosis.
Medical Illnesses. Other causes of psychotic symptoms include cancer in the central nervous system, infections such as encephalitis and syphilis, thyroid disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, Huntington’s disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke, Wilson’s
disease, and some B vitamin deficiencies.
Medication Reactions. Many medications may induce
psychosis as a side effect, and some can trigger delusions and severe
confusion. Such medication-induced symptoms are most often observed in