Schizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder that is characterized by core psychiatric symptoms, including positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. Current treatments for schizophrenia have an effect on positive symptoms but have a limited efficacy on negative or cognitive symptoms. Oleanolic acid is a plant-derived pentacyclic terpenoid that is known to exhibit anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. Here, we investigated the effects of oleanolic acid on schizophrenia-like behaviors in mice elicited by MK-801, an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist. A single administration of oleanolic acid blocked MK-801-induced hyperlocomotion in the open field test. In the acoustic startle response test, oleanolic acid itself did not have any effects on the acoustic startle response or prepulse inhibition (PPI) level, whereas the MK-801-induced PPI deficit was ameliorated by oleanolic acid. In the novel object recognition test, the attention and recognition memory impairments induced by MK-801 were reversed by a single administration of oleanolic acid. Additionally, oleanolic acid normalized the MK-801-induced alterations of signaling molecules including phosphorylation levels of Akt and GSK-3β in the frontal cortex. These results suggest that oleanolic acid could be a candidate for the treatment of several symptoms of schizophrenia, including positive symptoms, sensorimotor gating disruption, and cognitive impairments.
thanks for this encouraging post!
Do you know what dosage did they use? It probably would not be the same for humans, but just to get an idea.
All the best,
Unfortunately- no re dosages.