KP van der Burg, L Cribb, J Firth, D Karmacoska and J Sarris,
Nutritional neuroscience, Aug 2019 09
Objective: Nutrient and genetic biomarkers in nutraceutical trials may allow for the personalisation of nutraceutical treatment and assist in predicting treatment response. We aimed to synthesise the findings of trials which have included these biomarkers to determine which may be most useful for predicting nutraceutical response in mood and psychotic disorders. Methods: A systematic review was conducted assessing available literature concerning nutraceutical clinical trials in mood and psychotic disorders (major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia) with baseline and endpoint blood nutrient markers or genetic data available. Results: We identified 35 eligible studies (total n = 3836 participants) examining baseline and endpoint nutrient biomarkers and/or genetic polymorphisms. The key result, as reported in 10 out of 11 omega-3 studies, was a strong association between polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations (mostly EPA and DHA) and psychiatric outcomes, although the exact nature of the association varied between studies and diagnoses. There was no consistent evidence for levels of other nutrients (including Vitamin D, SAM/SAH ratios, carnitine, folate and vitamin B12) relating to treatment response. The evidence for associations between one-carbon cycle genotypes (e.g. MTHFR C677 T, MTR and FOLH1) and treatment response was also inconsistent. Discussion: The available data tentatively supports omega-3 indices as biomarkers of response to omega-3 treatments in mood disorders. Further research with larger samples examining combinations of polymorphisms is required to determine if any genetic factors influence nutraceutical response in mood and psychotic disorders.