DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that EETI probably exert its antipsychotic-like activity, via a neuroprotective compensatory mechanism of action, and as such, could be relevant in the management of schizophrenia.
B Ben-Azu, AO Aderibigbe, AM Ajayi and EO Iwalewa,
Pharmaceutical biology, Dec 2016
Schizophrenia is a heterogenous neurological disorder, which has been hypothetically linked to oxidative imbalance and associated behavioral perturbations. Preliminary evidence from animal models predictive of human psychosis suggests that Terminalia ivorensis A. Chev. (Combretaceae) has antipsychotic-like activity in mice.This study investigates the neuroprotective property of the ethanol stem bark extracts of T. ivorensis (EETI) in reversal treatment of ketamine-induced schizophrenia-like behaviors and oxidative alteration in adult male Swiss albino mice.Animals were divided into six treatment groups (n = 5). Animals received distilled water or ketamine (20 mg/kg) once daily intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 14 days, and from the 8th to the 14th day, they were treated with EETI (125, 250 or 500 mg/kg), risperidone (RIS) or vehicle orally once daily. Behaviors related to positive (locomotor activity) and cognitive (Y maze) symptoms of schizophrenia were assessed. Glutathione (GSH) levels, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, including malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration were measured in mice whole brains.The LD50of EETI was 2236.06 mg/kg, p.o. body weight. EETI (125, 250 or 500 mg/kg, p.o.) demonstrated significant (p < 0.05) inhibition of ketamine-induced hyperlocomotion and cognitive dysfunction. The extract decreased MDA concentration (39.0, 62.6 and 67.5%) in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, EETI significantly (p < 0.05) reversed the depletion of GSH, and increased activities of SOD and CAT in brain tissues.These findings suggest that EETI probably exert its antipsychotic-like activity, via a neuroprotective compensatory mechanism of action, and as such, could be relevant in the management of schizophrenia.